The Institute for Solar Physics is a national research infrastructure under the Swedish Research Council. It is managed as an independent institute associated with Stockholm University through its Department of Astronomy.
We operate the Swedish
1-meter Solar Telescope (SST) on La Palma, currently the most
highly resolving solar telescope in the world.
Jaime de la Cruz Rodriguez has been awarded the prestigious European Research Council Starting Grant (€1.5 million) for the project "SUNMAG: Understanding magnetic field regulated heating and explosive events in the solar chromosphere".
This paper resolves the puzzle of large red shifts of hydrogen Hα line emission in flares by proving that short (10s) injections of super-energetic electron beams, or solar energetic particles (SEPs) can be responsible for a hydrogen emission from the flaring chromosphere as well as for the extra Ultra-Violet emission (EUV) from the flaring corona.
The research relied upon AIA/SDO and the Swedish 1-meter Solar
Telescope. It was published by PhD student Malcolm Druett (Northumbria
University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK) et al.
At any given moment, as many as 10 million spicules - wild jets of solar material - burst from the sun's surface. They erupt as fast as 100 km/s, and can reach lengths of 10 000 km before collapsing. Scientists from the Bay Area Environmental Research (BAER) Institute, the Lockheed-Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory (LMSAL), and the Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics of Oslo University have revealed their origin.
A computer simulation shows how spicules form, helping scientists understand how spicules can break free of the sun's surface and surge upward so quickly. Neutral particles provide the buoyancy the gnarled knots of magnetic energy need to rise through the sun's boiling plasma and reach the chromosphere. There, they snap into spicules, releasing both plasma and energy. Friction between ions and neutral particles heats the plasma even more, both in and around the spicules.
This work relied upon high-cadence observations from NASA's
Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) and the Swedish 1-meter
Solar Telescope. It was published by Dr. J. Martínez-Sykora (BAER and
LMSAL, USA) et al. in
Science. See also NASA's press